Ancient coptic manuscript dating from
Codices were the preferred form for scriptural or classical texts, as they could contain a lot more information than scrolls and were easier to manage.Codex Tchacos is named after Dimaratos Tchacos, father of Zrich-based antiquities dealer The codex contains not only the Gospel of Judas, but also a text titled James (otherwise known as the First Apocalypse of James), the Letter of Peter to Philip, and a fragment of a text that scholars are provisionally calling Book of Allogenes.The original Greek text of the gospel, of which this is a Coptic translation, is thought to have been written by a group of early gnostic Christians sometime between when the New Testament Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were penned and A. Numerous gospels appeared, often written in the names of the Apostles; these pseudonymous writings were revered as scripture by one group or another, although eventually most of them came to be labeled as "heretical" and proscribed by orthodox Christianity in later times.This is a dramatic archaeological discovery of cultural interest, which offers an alternate portrayal from the first or second century of the relationship between Jesus and Judas, and enhances our knowledge of history and preservation of theological viewpoints from that period.An ancient Coptic manuscript dating from the third or fourth century, containing the only known surviving copy of the Gospel of Judas, has been restored and authenticated after being lost for nearly 1,700 years.In order to be certain of its age and authenticity, the National Geographic Society put the codex through the closest scrutiny possible without doing it harm.
When Jesus appeared on earth, he performed miracles and great wonders for the salvation of humanity.
Compared with the length of time it took to conserve, translate and publish the With the help of computer programs that record text, register gaps and try to match gaps to text, and with careful, visual inspection of suggested matches to confirm papyrus fiber continuity, Darbre, Wurst, and Kasser have been able to reassemble more than 80 percent of the text in five painstaking years.
The codex has been authenticated as a genuine work of ancient Christian apocryphal literature on five fronts: radiocarbon dating, ink analysis, multispectral imaging, contextual evidence, and paleographic evidence.
National Geographic collaborated with the Waitt Institute for Historical Discovery, the Maecenas Foundation for Ancient Art, and scientific experts, historians, and theologians from around the world to authenticate, reconstruct, conserve, and translate these extraordinary documents, and explore their significance.
The author of the Gospel of Judas remains anonymous. Different groups of Christians in the second century appealed to different writings to authenticate their distinctive beliefs and practices.
National Geographic realizes that the information provided by this document is complex and deserves a great deal of further study and assessment, a process that will take time.