Dating longcase clock cases
Many of the dials illustrated the phases of the moon, the month and sometimes the day or the week.After the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the Colonists found themselves increasingly short of raw materials, including copper and zinc for the brass clock movements.In England, he would have depended on brass casters, on dial-engravers, on makers of pinion wire, and certainly on case-makers.Tall case clocks represented the collaboration of clockmakers for the movements, cabinetmakers or joiners for cases to house the movements, carvers to ornament the cases and merchant importers to obtain the movements, dials, and tools Clockmakers in the Colonies therefore tended to settle in areas with access to ports and with other craftsmen, so that they could draw on their skills.But when the war ended in 1783, casemakers began introducing their own styles which were firmly established by the end of the century.Those made to order in the 18th century were of superior craftsmanship and design.Most built grandfather clocks, a smaller version of which became known later as a grandmother clock.Clocks often had 24-hour faces with a sweep second hand and "monkey wheel" escapement.
It was decided that the beginning and end of a week was a time not likely to be forgotten. The earliest clocks in America were imported by the first settlers, who brought with them the skills of the Old World clockmakers.On early clocks, only one of the winding holes, the one on the right, was functional.It was used for winding the clock while the other nonfunctional one presented a point of balance.American tall case clocks were first made about 1695 in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts and a little later in Connecticut.
But there were probably more tall case clocks made in Pennsylvania than anywhere else.
Makers of the Boston School were scattered all over New England.