Dating the thera eruption
In the village of Akrotiri, it has been discovered an ancient Minoian village buried under the ash of the Volcano eruption occurred 3500 years ago.In another village, called Palai Thera, some rests of the Hellenistic-Roman Thera are still visible.Santorini, an island of Cyclades, is an Aegean volcanic island arc (75,79 sq. Nowadays it is just the eastern edge of an ancient crater sunk into the sea about 2000 years BC, after an explosive eruption of the Volcano.Traces of this catastrophic event can be also found in Plato's narrations.Most of the outstanding paintings and frescos decoring the walls of private houses, are now preserved in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens.The earthquake destroyed and buried not only buildings, but an entire age.Infact, the island was obliged to pay taxes to both the Sultan and the Republic of Venice.
Hereafter, the island entered a long period of struggles: Byzantine struggles, Turkish raids, competitions between Genoa and Venice (called "La Serenissima") ...These islands surfaced after the well-known eruptions of 97 BC, 1570 AD, 1707 AD, 1866 AD and 1925 AD.Excavations in the Akrotiri area have demonstrated that this island was the cradle of an advanced civilization, since 4000 years BC, destroyed by the explosion of the Volcano.Santorini is not just an island, it didn't live and develop like all other nearby islands.
It's history, inhabitants, activities, were buried deep into the earth and then revived ... Once a time, in the place of Santorini, there were 3 small islands with no importance.These features are common to other villages: Imerovigli, Firostefani, Pyrgos and, especially, Oia.