Home computers are just as susceptible to ransomware and the loss of access to personal and often irreplaceable items— including family photos, videos, and other records—can be devastating for individuals as well.In a ransomware attack, victims—upon seeing an e-mail addressed to them—will open it and may click on an attachment that appears legitimate, such as an invoice or an electronic fax, but that actually contains the malicious ransomware code.In the cyber world, such signatures are called TTPs—tools, techniques, and procedures.The TTPs usually point to a specific group or person.Since its establishment, the NCFTA has evolved to keep up with the ever-changing cyber crime landscape.Today, the organization deals with threats from transnational criminal groups including spam, botnets, stock manipulation schemes, intellectual property theft, pharmaceutical fraud, telecommunications scams, and other financial fraud schemes that result in billions of dollars in losses to companies and consumers.Ransomware attacks are not only proliferating, they’re becoming more sophisticated.
This means enhancing the Cyber Division’s investigative capacity to sharpen its focus on intrusions into government and private computer networks.
Users and organizations are generally not aware they have been infected until they can no longer access their data or until they begin to see computer messages advising them of the attack and demands for a ransom payment in exchange for a decryption key.
These messages include instructions on how to pay the ransom, often with bitcoins because of the anonymity this virtual currency provides.
Those capabilities include: Hospitals, school districts, state and local governments, law enforcement agencies, small businesses, large businesses—these are just some of the entities impacted by ransomware, an insidious type of malware that encrypts, or locks, valuable digital files and demands a ransom to release them.
The inability to access the important data can be catastrophic in terms of the loss of sensitive or proprietary information, the disruption to regular operations, financial losses incurred to restore systems and files, and the potential harm to an organization’s reputation.
Paying a ransom doesn’t guarantee an organization will get its data back—there have been cases in which organizations never received a decryption key after paying the ransom.